| INDEX | Spider | Dragonfly | Insects | The Eyes | Orang Utan
...asset for future nature tourism (eco-tourism)...
| Insects in Bukit Gemok | BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS | BEETLES, BEES, WASPS AND ANTS | TERMITES AND CICADA CONCERTO |
All the insect photographs in this page are taken in Tawau.
|The pristine tropical rainforests
of Malaysia is among world richest biodiversity. The word
"Biodiversity" is one of the commonly used expressions in the
biological sciences and general public today. It is the rich
biodiversity of flora and fauna Sabah to excel in nature tourism.
Insects is the group of organisms contributed most to the rich biodiversity in Sabah. The world has more than a million named insect species. And as exploration of Malaysia fauna advances, this number of insects constantly increases. The high diversity of Sabah insects is something to be proud of, and it is potentially significant in promoting nature tourism, (entotourism)
For insect enthusiasts, the butterfly farm at Poring Hot Springs, the insect exhibits at Gunung Alab Resort (Kota Kinabalu-Tambunan highway), the Insect Museum of the Sepilok Forest Research Centre and the Sabah Museum in Kota Kinabalu are some of the places of interest.
Stick insects are unique. They are usually slow moving relying on concealment for protection from enemies. The elongated body of the stick insect looks like a twig, a remarkable example of natural camouflage. The resemblance is often enhanced by appropriate colors and postures. The longest insect in the world is a stick insect of 555 mm, recorded in Malaysia. Some are spiny and look ferocious such as the endemic Haaniella echinata but they all feed on plants and are harmless. It is best to look for stick insects in the forest at night preferably after an evening drizzle.
Praying mantids ambush their victims. They would wait patiently for insects to settle within their area, in which many are colored to match their background of green or withered leaves, or flowers. This conceals the mantids from its victims and also from its own enemies, the birds and lizards. It has formidable, spined forelimbs which are specially adapted for seizing and holding prey. These are just some of the highlights of the myriad of insects and their life forms in tropical Sabah.
It is always interesting to know how such a diverse group succeeded and prevailed in this competitive world. It is truly God’s wonderful creation.
More on Praying Mantids of Sabah...
BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS
Among all insects, butterflies and moths have always been popular because of they are relatively large, colorful and attractive. The Rajah Brooke’s birdwing is as outstanding among the Sabah butterflies as the Atlas moth is among the moths. The birdwing was discovered by the famous British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace in Borneo in 1855 and it was named after Sir James Brooke, the Rajah of Sarawak. The male Rajah Brooke’s
birdwing may often be seen on the ground along small streams, drinking water of seepages and saline springs, but the female, which is less commonly seen, flies high among the trees in the rain forest. The Atlas moth, which is attracted to light, is the world’s largest moth, with a wingspan up to 30 cm. The patterns on the wings are spectacular, with a black spot on the curved tip of each forewing resembling the head of a snake—to frighten the intruder away. Sadly, the adult only lives a short life because it has no mouth and cannot eat. Beside the two spectacular species, there are other equally striking butterflies typical to Sabah worth looking out for.
A list of various institutions and research centers that house existing insect collections in Malaysia
|INDEX : Photos of Tawau 22-9-2008 April 18, 2011 09:28:36 AM||