Department of Environment Malaysia (DOE)
The DOE is headed by the Director-General who is supported by a Deputy Director- General and five Directors responsible for Control (enforcement and monitoring), Development Planning, Assessment, Information and Administration. Every state in Malaysia has a State Director for environment who reports directly to the Director- General of DOE.
Section 4(1) of the Environmental Quality Act, 1974 provides for the establishment of the Environmental Quality Council (EQC) to advise the Minister for Science, Technology and the Environment on matters pertaining to the implementation of the Act. The Council also provides strategic and policy directions to the DOE. Membership of the EQC that was launched in April, 1977 consists of representatives from relevant federal ministries and the state ministries responsible for environment in Sabah and Sarawak and selected industries and non-governmental organizations. The oil palm industry was represented
by the Malaysian Oil Palm Growers’ Council and currently, by the Malaysian Palm Oil Association (MPOA) after its formation in 1999.
Administration and activities of DOE are supported by funds from the federal government; the budget allocation for 2000 was RM 81.95 million, of which 61.6% was provided for operational expenditure. (DOE 2000 Annual Report)
Regulatory Agencies on the Environment
The implementation of environmental legislation and regulations come under the purview of the :
Department of Environment Malaysia (DOE)(Profile GOV.3, page 117),
the Natural Resources and Environmental Board (NREB) of Sarawak (Profile GOV.4, page 120) and
the Environment Conservation Department (ECD) of Sabah (Profile GOV.5, page 123)
as prescribed under the following Acts:
• DOE: Environment Quality Act 1974 (Amendments 1985 &1996)
• ECD: Conservation of the Environment Enactment 1966, Sabah
• NREB: Natural Resources and Environment Ordinance 1993, Sarawak
These three organisations perform broadly similar functions, key activities include environmental assessment monitoring and review and enforcement of environmental regulations and orders as prescribed under their respective legislation. Orders for prescribed activities pertaining to development of oil palm plantations are quite uniform for Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. In general, development of agricultural plantations of an area exceeding 500 hectares from secondary or primary forests or from modification of present land use requires project proponents to submit an Environment Impact Assessment and obtain approval from DOE, ECD or NREB, depending on the location of the project.
Regulations that are directly applicable to the oil palm industry include the following under the Environmental Quality Act 1974:
• Environmental Quality (Prescribed Premises) (Crude Palm Oil) Regulations,1997 (Amendment ) which stipulate detailed conditions with the licence to use or operate a premise for palm oil processing. These include compliance to stringent standards for discharge of treated effluents to water courses or for land application.
• Environmental Quality (Clean Air) Regulations 1978 which stipulate the conditions pertaining to open burning and emission standards for smoke and particulate emissions into the atmosphere.
| INDEX : New Oil Palm | August 06, 2011 10:34:29 AM