Updated On : Sunday, 27 February, 2022 12:23:02 PM

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Family Moraceae
Ficus septica 棱果榕
棱果榕(學名:Ficus septica),又名豬母乳、常綠榕

4- Shrubs
Family Moraceae
Ficus septica 棱果榕
Shrubs
Dioecious雌雄異株
MALE TREE


FEMALE TREES

 

Parthenocarpic Female Fig 單性結實期 - the development of a fruit without prior fertilization

Pollinated Female Fig 授粉階段 - a seed fertilized by pollens

 Pollinated and Parthenocarpic fruits of Ficus septica 棱果榕


 

THE TWO RIPENING CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE FRUITS:

1- Parthenocarpic characteristic
2- Pollinated characteristic

 

Ficus septica 棱果榕
Shrubs
Dioecious雌雄異株

This is a MALE tree.
All fruits and wasps are from this same single male tree in Taman Semarak. May & June 2021.

 

 

MALE FRUITS
of
Ficus septica

1- Pre-receptive Stage

2- Wasp-receptive Stage

Parthenocarpic characteristic
(Not-pollinated)
Pollinated characteristic
POLLINATOR NON-POLLINATOR
   
 

3- Wasp developing Stage

 

4- Wasp Emerging Stage

POLLINATOR NON-POLLINATOR
MALE FEMALE
   
MALE FEMALE
   
 

 

 

THE FOUR DEVELOPMENT STAGES OF MALE FRUITS:
1- Pre-receptive Fig
2- Wasp-receptive Fig
3- Wasp developing Fig
4- Wasp Emerging Fig

 



 


MALE TREE
 

Ficus septica Burm.f. is a small free-standing tree distributed from the Solomon Islands and Northern Australia,
throughout insular South East Asia, to Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands. It belongs to subgenus Sycomorus, section
Sycocarpus and it is functionally dioecious (functionally male trees bear figs that produce pollinating wasp offspring and pollen but no seeds, while female trees bear figs that produce seeds but neither wasp offspring nor pollen)
https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-01589491/file/s12862-017-1034-8.pdf

 


MALE FRUIT of Ficus septica 棱果榕
The 5 stages of a male fig fruit of Ficus septica
 

Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4
Pre-receptive Fig Wasp-receptive Fig Wasp developing Fig Wasp Emerging Fig

125mm

155mm

190mm


206mm
No wasp yet Wasp under development Wasp under development
1st Female Wasp

Male Wasp
     
2nd Female Wasp

MALE is unseen



Male is using his mandibles to open a gall containing another female to assist her escape and be the first to mate with her.
Male and Female Wasps of Ficus septica 棱果榕

This chart of Male and female freshly enclosed from their natal galls
MALE FEMALE
Male Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Lateral view
Male does not has wings
Female Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Lateral view
Female has two pairs of wings
Male Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Dorsal view
Short 
Female Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Dorsal view
Long
Male Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Ventral view
 
Male Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Head lateral view
Male is Eye-less
Female Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Head  lateral view
Female has a pair of compound eyes
Male Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Size : 2mm
Female Wasp of Ficus septica 棱果榕
Size : 2mm
   



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