Higher Education in Malaysia → Public Universities
Malaysian Government Universities (public universities) are
categorized into three groups:
Fields of Study: Focus is on research
Ratio of undergraduates to postgraduates is 50:50
Universiti Malaya (UM)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)
Various fields of study
Ratio of undergraduates to postgraduates is 70:30
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
(technical, education, management and defence)
Fields of Study : Focus is on research
Ratio of undergraduates to postgraduates is 50:50
Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM)
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM)
Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP)
Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia
Funding of Public Universities (2007)
90% of the public universities' funding came from Malaysian Government and the balance 10% is from student fees.
There are 20 Public Universities in Malaysia
International Islamic University Malaysia
لجامعة الإسلامية العالمية ماليزيا
IIUM - Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia founded on 10 May 1983 to revitalize the intellectual tradition of the ummah. The university's diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes in several fields equipping students with the ability to integrate Islamic learning with intellectual creativity. This international university uses English and Arabic and has a 20% of international students.
Pahang and Selangor
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia is a public
university in Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia. It was formerly known as
Institut Teknologi Tun Hussein Onn and Kolej Universiti Teknologi
Tun Hussein Onn.
26 August 1999, Institut Teknologi MARA was
granted university status and renamed Universiti Teknologi MARA.
This new university continues its initial intent to offer academic
programmes as well as professional programmes in accountancy and
information technology. UiTM pioneer in higher learning to producing
a significant number of Bumiputera professionals skilled in a broad
spectrum of industry.
Formerly known as :KUSTEM - July 2001, KUT - July 1999, UPMT - June
Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM)
In 2007 Kolej
Universiti Teknikal Kebangsaan Malaysia (KUTKM) was upgraded to UTeM
As in 2016, Malaysia has :
414 Private colleges
2) 37 Private universities
3) 10 Private University-colleges
4) 1 Public University-college
5) 10 Foreign branch campus
6) 20 Public universities
Year 2006 Students enrolment in Government's Higher Education Institution
|Teacher Training Colleges||
Malaysia International Scholarship (MIS) Ministry Of
Higher Education Malaysia for Foreign Students
The Malaysia International Scholarship (MIS) is an initiative by the Malaysian Government to attract the best minds from around the world to pursue advanced academic studies in Malaysia. This scholarship aims to support The Malaysian Government's effort to attract, motivate and retain talented human capital from abroad.
Talented international students with excellent academic records and outstanding co-curricular backgrounds are welcome to apply for this scholarship and further their studies in any selected and well-established Malaysian public and private universities.
This scholarship is divided into two categories:
More about : Education Funding in Malaysia
A total of 85,247 students registered for the new
varsity intake at local Malaysias public universities for the 2012/2013
The number included 46,698 Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia school leavers and the other 38,549 with Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia qualifications or its equivalent.
Public universities (Government's Universities) produce graduates who can acquire and apply their knowledge for the benefit of the Malaysian society.
No every interested student could gain an entry into these institutions because the places for first degree programmes are limited.
The Ministry of Higher Education thus placed hope on private higher educational institutions to complement and supplement the mission.
More students in Malaysia can obtain degree level education now because of private higher educational institutions (PHEIs). Many of these institutions offer twinning degree programmes or full 3+0 and 4+0 degree programmes in collaboration with overseas universities from countries like the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
Thus, Malaysian and foreign students have a wide choice of higher education institutions and programmes.
Foreign university branch campuses have played a significant role in meeting the demand by Malaysian for Bachelor's degree programmes.
DATA SOURCES : Ministry of Education MoE, Ministry of Higher Education MoHE
APPLYING FOR A PROGRAMME IN A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY
(University of Malaysian Government)
All applications to study in public universities are centrally processed (except postgraduate studies) by the centralized processing agency known as :
Bahagitan Pengurusan Kemasukan Pelajar (BPKP)
The Division of Student Admission
(formerly known as Unit Pusat Universtti, UPU).
BPKP processes applications from students with SPM, STPM, STAM, diploma or matriculation qualifications. The agency is under The Department of Higher Education (Jabalan Pengajian Tinggi) of the Ministry of Higher Education and is responsible for the management of the admission of students into the 20 public universities.
The main function of BPKP (formally UPU) is to process and coordinate the intake of Malaysian students into local public universities for the following programmes of study:
Programmes after SPM
Programmes for Government recognized Diploma Holders
Programmes after Matriculation programmes
Programmes after STAM
Programmes after STPM
Master's degree programmes in medicine
Remarks : At postgraduate studies level, BPKP only processes the intake for Master's degree progremme in medicine and not for other postgraduate courses)
The intake into the public universities through this centralized agency is in July each year.
BPKP is not involved in managing the intake of the following categories of students into public universities and as such these groups of students are required to contact the individual public universities directly. The students involved here are:
students who undertake programmes conducted via the Distance Learning Education mode or programmes being offered at Certificate level
students of franchised programmes conducted at private higher educational institutions
The 'BPKP IPT' or 'UPU' application forms are made available to:
STPM / STAM qualification holders in January of intake year
SPM qualification holders in February of the intake year
Matriculation qualification holders in November prior to the intake year
Diploma qualification holders in November / December prior to the intake year
All post-secondary school leaver applications for Bachelor's degree programmes must be mode online while application for Diploma level programmes can either be made through printed application form or online v;o the website of the Ministry of Higher Education at www.mohe.gov.my. The forms, however, must be submitted within 10 days from the date of the release of the examination result, usually in the month of March. Applicants will usually be notified of their applications' statu., in the month of May. There is only one intake a year and is usually in the middle of the year.
Applications to study in public universities
for Malaysian Students completed SPM and STPM
|PROGRAMMES for school leavers||PROGRAMMES for advance study|
Entry Qualifications to a Public University in Malaysia
The general entry requirement :
1) for Diploma level is SPM qualification
2) for undergraduate studies is STPM or equivalent qualifications such as Matriculation certificate of Ministry of Education, STAM and Diplomas which are recognized by the government.
Applicants (Malaysians or non-Malaysians) must fulfil the standard requirements as well as specific conditions like subject requirement, interview and others set by the respective public universities before they can be accepted by the public universities.
SPM = Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia
STPM = Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia
STAM = Sijil Tinggi Agarma Malaysia
|University Degree Foundation|
|Upper secondary schools leavers with SPM qualification|
|Upper secondary schools leavers with SPM qualification|
For holders of recognized
Bachelor's degree holders
Master's degree holders or
The 3 Categories of Public (Government) Universities in Malaysia :
1) 4 Research universities,
2) 4 Comprehensive universities
3) 12 Focused universities.
In 2007, six public University Colleges were upgraded to full-fledged universities.
In 1997, the University of Malayo adopted a new Constitution to enable corporatisatlon. In the same year, international student enrolment at public universities rose to 3,400 with efforts from overseas marketing activities. Then in 1998, all public universities adopted new constitutions which would ultimately lead to corporatisation. With corporatisotion, publicly owned universities will become more outonomous ond less dependent on the government for public funds.
Kolej Universiti Sains & Teknologi Malaysia was established on 15 July 1999 to offer first degrees in its capacity as a university college. This institution was the Fishery and Oceanography Centre of University Putra Malaysia in 1979 and was then upgraded to a branch campus of UPM in 1996. In 1999, it was granted the status of an independent university college.
Kolej Universiti Islam Malaysia was established on 13 March 1998 as the first public university college. Its objective is to enhance the quality of Islamic education and provide a route for graduates of Islamic religious secondary schools to continue their higher education.
On 30 September 2000, Kolej Universiti Tun Hussein Onn was established. It was initially the Pusat Latihan Staff Politeknik set up on 16 September 1993 to train teaching personnel for the various polytechnics in Malaysia. It was renamed Institute Teknologi Tun Hussein Onn (ITTHO) and in 2000, ITHHO wos given the status of an independent university college.
1 December 2000, Kolej Universiti Teknikal Kebangsaan was established. This is the first public university in the state of Melaka. UTeM is a pioneer in the use of "Practice and Application Oriented" teaching and learning methods for technical education in Malaysia.
On 2 May 2002, Kolej Universiti Kejuruteraan Ulara Malaysia was
established. It aims to produce highly-skilled engineers who are copable of planning, designing, building, testing and maintaining devices, systems and processes; as well as solving engineering problems in an innovative and creative manner.
In 2003, the Government implemented a policy to use English as a medium of instruction in the teaching of Science and Mathematics. Meanwhile, all universities were given the objective of focusing on R&D as well as to internationalise their university. Universities student enrolment reached 307,121 for the 2005/2006 academic session while the international student count stood at 6,622.
In 2006, four universities, namely University of Malaya, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and Universiti Putra Malaysia were designated research universities with special funding for R&D.
The Education Development Plan for Malaysia (2001 -2010) Blueprint describes the direction of the Malaysian education system in providing world class quality education. The documents outline strategies and implementation of all issues in education development including increasing access, equity, and quality in education as well as in improving efficiency and effectiveness of education management.
Also in 2007 the House of Parliament approved the Malaysian Qualifications Agency Bill 2007. The setting up of the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) is one of the country's initiatives in ensuring that quality in our higher education is progressively enhanced. The agency which is expected to be operational in November 2007 will take over the role of Lemboga Akreditasi Negaro (LAN} and the Higher Education Ministry's Quality Assurance Divisions. MQA will be responsible for the accreditation of courses offered by both public and private higher educational institutions.
The year 2007 also saw the launch of the Strategic Plan for Higher Education: The Foundation Beyond 2020 and The National Higher Education Action Plan 2007-2010. This strategic plan outlines seven strategic thrusts that form the basis of national higher education development up to the year 2020. The Action Plan details comprehensive and specific approaches as well as the targets to achieve, from now to 2010.
Year 2005/2006 Total 309,091 Students enrolled in Government's Public Universities
|Qualification Levels||Number of enrolments|
|Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)||9,504|
Public Higher Educational Institutions (Government's) in Malaysia
|Type of Government Higher Education Institutions||Number of Institutes|
|5||Teacher Education Institutes||27|